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Apple Varieties

Aceymac - Ripens mid-September. Fruit resembles McIntosh in appearance, taste, shape, flesh color and texture with larger size and firmer texture. Less pre-harvest drop. Non-spur type tree. Fruit stores well in long term C.A. storage. Originated in New York.

Autumn Crisp - Ripens mid-late September. Dual purpose variety from the Geneva Research Station. Orange-red stripe with yellow background. Non-browning flesh. Precocious, productive. Hybrid of Golden Delicious X Monroe. PPAF.

Baldwin - Large winter apple. Tough, smooth, bright red skin with white stars. Crisp, solid, juicy, somewhat aromatic, yellowish flesh. Good for fresh eating and all culinary purposes. Adds body, spiciness and aroma to cider. Excellent keeper. Vigorous, long-lived tree can get quite large. Tends to bear in alternate years, but can be regulated by timely pruning and thinning. Triploid, so pollen is sterile. Ripens late September to November depending on location. Hardy to Zone 4. Seedling that originated in Lowell, MA about 1740. Named after Col. Loammi Baldwin of Woburn. Most widely planted apple of New England by 1852; most widely planted in U.S. until late 1920's.

Blondee™- Ripens ahead of Gala but is firmer and more flavorful. Excellent choice for u-pick and retail markets because of the very long ripening period. Does not bruise easily, ships well and has a good shelf life.

Braeburn - Ripens late October early November. Hardy in zones 6-7. Medium to large fruit of very high quality. Orangish red blush over yellow background. Crisp, tangy, flavor. Triploid. Very early bearing. Low vigorous tree.

Chrisolyn®Jonathan – It has a bold striped pattern over a completely red apple. The color develops ahead of other Jonathans. It has a crisp flesh and excellent storage characteristics that ripens with Jonathan. This new striped red Jonathan originated in Missouri.

Crispin (Mutsu)- Cross of Indo and Golden Delicious. Ripens Mid-late September. Hardy to Zone 5-9a. Also know as Crispin. Firm sweet flavorful, yellow green apple. Excellent for eating, sauces, baking salads and pies (especially sugar free)

Cortland - Ripens from mid-September to early October depending on location. Hardy to -40 degrees F in zones 3-8. Widely grown,all-purpose, late McIntosh type; one of the standards. Larger fruit with dark red skin under laid with stripes. Crisp, pure, white flesh resists browning when cut. Tart tangy flavor. Dessert quality. Excellent for eating, cooking and cider. Vigorous, long lived tree is annually productive and stats bearing early. Excellent pollinator. Ripens 2-3 weeks before McIntosh. Developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in 1915.

Dandee Red™ - (PV 1027 Cltv) This is an exciting new apple that ripens 8 days before Paulared. It is 100% full, red, blush with pleasingly tart, crisp, creamy white flesh. It has exceptional holding ability and shelf life for an apple in early season. The tree is very hardy. Mildew and fire blight resistance, similar to McIntosh. High quality early apple with McIntosh characteristics.

Earligold(Harvey) - Uniform, medium to large, round-conical fruit. Ripens mid-late August in NY. Smooth, whitish green skin. High fruit solids and high acid levels. Good eating and cooking apple. Early, annual producer. Self-pollinating and a good pollinator for other varieties. Less susceptible to fire blight than Lodi or Transparent. Longer storage life with full retention of quality. Trademarked. U.S. Plant Patent No. 4820.

Empire -A (Red Delicious X McIntosh) Ripens early September Zones 5-8. Good for fresh eating, cider. Sauce, cooking and freezing. Excellent flavor and good storage ability. Ripens two weeks after McIntosh.

Fortune® - (Schoharie Spy x Empire) Ripens in early September. Crossing from the Geneva Research Station.Large attractive fruit; yellow flesh. Tree has dence foliage; very vigorous. Blooms between Red and Golden Delicious. Very good fresh eating quality. Ripens midseason. Suitable for fresh, roadside and process market. Excellent crisp flavor. Resembles large Empire. (PPAF)

Bala, Brookfield®- Derives from Royal Gala. Boldly striped fruit and it colors early. The early color permits proper harvest timing for best storage maturity and flavor retention. Harvested in two pickings. Originated in New Zealand.

Gala, Buckeye® - Ripens early September Hardy to zone 3. Sport of Imperial Gala with the same fruit flavor, texture , size and handling qualities. Color develops well through summer heat. Vigorous, upright tree with semi-spur habit. Annual bearer. (USPP# 0840-Simmons Strain)

Gala, Imperial - Medium size, oval to round reddish orange fruit. Extremely firm, very juicy, sweet, mildly aromatic, yellow flesh. Vigorous tree with long, pliant branching.

Gala (Mitchell Strain) - Ripens early September. Hardy to Zone 3. An important early season variety. Distinctively flavored sweet aromatic apple. The Mitchell strain has a heavy red-orange stripe over a yellow background.

Gala, Pacific® -Gala apple tree, USPP # 9681 - Ripens mid- September. Discovered as a whole tree mutation of Royal Gala. Fruit colors well throughout the tree. Colors early and uniformly and retains a strong stripe. Holds well on the tree for several days after ripening. Sweet flavor is retained in storage.

Goldrush® - Ripens in Late October. Disease resistant, late harvesting yellow apple. Stays crisp for months in storage with flavor mellowing from tart to tart-sweet. Spur type upright tree. (USPP # 9392)

Greening, Rhode Island - Ripens late September. A classic green processing apple for the northeast. Tart, medium-large round fruit.

Golden Delicious (Gibson strain) - Ripens early October. Hardy to Zone 5. Most russet resistant Golden Delicious clone commercially available. Smoother finish than regular Golden Delicious. Good size, firmness and flavor. Good keeper. Vigorous productive tree. Easy to train. A strain that is used for both processing and fresh market.

Honeycrisp - Ripens in late September to late October. Hardy to Zone 3. An exceptionally crisp and juicy apple with mildly sweet flavor. Very crisp flesh. Red colored apple over yellow background. Excellent for direct market. Excellent eating and keeping qualities. Annual bearer. Stores well. Rated superior to McIntosh and Delicious for fresh eating... keeps up to five months in common storage. Winter hardy introduction from the University of Minnesota. (USPP# 7197- Minn. 1711R Cultivar)

Idared - Ripens from mid to late October. Hardy in Zone 4. Large, solid, strikingly bright red fruit. Smooth waxy, medium thick skin. Crisp, fine grained, aromatic, white flesh. Mildly acid flavor. Excellent dessert apple; good for baking, sauce and pies. Fine processing qualities. Tart at harvest time; quality develops in storage. Small to medium size tree bears heavy crops annually. Blooms early; ripens late. Pollinate with summerred, sparten or Lodi. Susceptible to fire blight. Some resistance to scab. Developed at the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station for commercial processing. Introduced in 1942

Jerseymac - Ripens from early July to early August depending on location. Hardy to Zone 5. Early McIntosh strain; ripens 2-4 weeks earlier and colors better. Medium to large fruit with 80% red skin over light straw background. Firm, crisp, juicy, aromatic flesh. Medium firm texture, but fruits show bruises easily. Medium sweetened. Useful for sauce, pies, eating fresh. Reasonably good keeper for a summer apple. Upright spreading tree; vigorous, productive, annual bearer. Resistant to cedar-apple rust. Ships well; very marketable, making a mark in the commercial market. Developed in New Jersey. Introduced in 1971.

Jonamac - Ripens in late September. Hardy to -50degreesF. With occasional winter injury McIntosh-type dessert apple with improved color. Mediumsize, firm fruit with 90% dark red color over greenish background. Firm, crisp, high quality. Medium size, productive, productive medium vigor tree. Fruit hangs well on tree. Developed by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. Introduced in1972. Similar to McIntosh but with better color and firmness.

Conastar®Jonagold – This new Jonagold colors early making it a one-pick Jonagold. Jonastar® is a true Jonagold with the quality, taste and size of a typical Jonagold. It has a nice red stripe over a bright red background.

Jonathan - (Philip Rick, Red Jonathan, Ulster Seedling) - Medium to large, almost round fruit. Highly colored in sunny climates; striped red in cool climates. Thin, tough skin. Fine, juicy flesh. Sprightly, subacid flavor. Good for cooking and eating fresh. Keeps until late winter. Tree is a naturally small, moderate grower that bears young, annually and heavily. Self-fruitful, but crops are improved with cross-pollination. Bred for scab resistance. Ripens from mid-September to mid-October depending on location. Requires 700-800 hours of chilling. Hardy in Zones 4-8. First description published in 1826 by J. Buel of Albany, NY, according to Beach.

Kumeu Crimson® Braeburn - (coo-me-you) is a full red, beautifully striped Braeburn selection from New Zealand. It colors to a virtual 100% red with a pronounced stripe. It starts coloring 14-21 days ahead of other Braeburn selections. It has the typical tart Braeburn flavor with crisp white flesh. It stores and ships well. It tends to be a low vigor tree.

Lady Apple - Ripens late November or early December. Hardy to Zone 5. Traditionally a Christmas dessert apple. Small, smooth, creamy yellow fruit with glossy red cheek. Crisp, juicy, pure white flesh. Highly aromatic. Much of its fragrance and high flavor is in its skin; should not be peeled. Highest quality. Excellent cider virility. Keeps from December to May. Small, upright, refined tree that produces heavily; not quick to bear. Tends to bear biennially. Produces fruits in bunches. Requires cross-pollination. Susceptible to apple scab. Grown in the gardens of Louis XIIIat Orleans in 1628. Dates back to roman times.

Liberty - Ripens early October. Hardy in Zones 4-8. The most disease resistant apple ever developed. Macoun x Purdue 54-12. Medium to large, bright shiny McIntosh type fruit with 90% red blush. Crisp,juicy, light yellow flesh. Sprightly flavor. Good for eating fresh,cooking, canning or desserts. Stores until February. Flavor intensifies in storage. Hardy, spreading vigorous, heavily spurred, productive tree. Annual bearer. Sets heavy fruit loads resulting in small fruit;requires thinning. Resistant to scab, fire blight mildew and cedar-apple rust. No spraying needed. Requires 800 hours of chinning. Released from the New York Station in 1978.

Linda Mac- Ripens mid- September this new McIntosh strain begins coloring in the beginning of July to nearly 100% red blush by harvest. Main season McIntosh on a non-spur tree. (USPP applied for)

Lodi - (Improved Yellow Transparent, Large Transparent) - Montgomery x Yellow Transparent. Extra early, large, green cooking apple. Larger, firmer and keeps longer than Yellow Transparent; does not get mealy as fast. Clear, yellow skin. Crisp, juicy, mildly sub acid, white flesh. Sweet-tart flavor. Harvest for pies and sauce when full size. Fine white applesauce; great for early pies. For fresh eating, pick when partly yellow. Dependable, productive tree. Less alternate bearing if properly thinned. Resistant to apple scab. Requires cross-pollination. Ripens during July. Hardy in Zones 3-8 and to -45 degrees F. Produced by the New York Fruit Testing Association in 1911

Macoun –Ripens mid-September. Hardy to Zone 4 Size and shape like McIntosh; more striped with deeper red coloring. Dark Purplish red blush over green background. Firm, aromatic, white flesh. High quality, all-purpose, dessert apple. Fruit drops readily; bruises easily. Good for local markets; not for shipping. Medium size, vigorous, hardy, spur-type, productive tree. Upright habit; needs training to develop a spreading top. Must thin to maintain fruit size and annual bearing. Very resistant to fire blight. Requires 600 hours of chilling. Developed at the Geneva Station,Introduced in 1923.

Marshall® Mac (Worcester Stain) Ripens early September An early coloring Mac that ripens a few days ahead of Roger's Mac. Excellent early color lets growers get an early start on the McIntosh season. Identical to its parent McIntosh except for its intense red color. Ripens 7-10 days ahead ofSpur McIntosh.

Nittany: Ripens early October A cross between the famous Golden Delicious and York Imperial. Originated in West Virginia in 1972. The distinctive bright red color surrounded with hints of warm yellows makes this apple delicious the t- eye as well as the mouth. Great for baking and have a very crisp, sweet taste.

Northern Spy - (Red Spy, Red Northern Spy) -. Ripens in late October. Hardy to Zone 4. Large, round, often flattened, greenish yellow fruit flushed and striped pinkish red with a delicate bloom and occasional russet patches. Fine grained rather firm, very tender, crisp, juicy yellowish flesh. Tart, aromatic, sub acid flavor. Excellent all-purpose apple, except for drying and cider. Keeps into March; May, if temperature regulated. Remarkably fresh after long storage. Very large, vigorous, productive, upright tree; tends to bear biennially. Requires pollination. 800 hours of chilling. Seedling discovered about 1800.

Pristine™ (Coop 32) - Ripens early to mid-July, just after Lodi. Zones 5-9a Glossy yellow skinned fruit with high sugar content. Terminal bearing tree requires multiple pickings. Fruit drops when mature. Disease resistant but susceptible to fire blight. Purdue release,Trademarked. U.S. Plant patent No. 9881

Red Cortland- Ripening just ahead of Cortland in early October. Zone 4. This red strain is widely planted. Nearly full red.

Red Delicious-Snipes - New sport of Campbell Cultivar Red Delicious. Large, solid bright red fruit; early color. White flesh. Semi-dwarfing growth. Early, heavy producer.

Red Fuji - (Red Fuji Stripe, B.C. Type #2) - Ralls Janet x Delicious. New sport of Fuji, the main late season apple of Japan. Round or oblong fruit. Approximately 80% red color with a distinct stripe. Eating quality similar to a well ripened Delicious. Harder, juicier flesh. Requires a long growing season. Good keeper. Hardy in Zones 6-8. Developed in Japan, 1962.

Red Idared - Ripens in late October. Hardy in Zone 4. A redder but otherwise identical version of its parent Idared. Long keeping and multipurpose.

Red Jonagold (Japanese Strain) - A redder strain of regular Jonagold. Color not as intense as Rubinstar® Jonagold. Attractive red blush over a golden background. Juicy, semi sweet taste. Usually large. All purpose. Keeps well. Triploid; cannot pollinate other varieties. Cross incompatible with Golden Delicious. Fruit must be exposed to sunlight or coloration. Best apples will not have over 75% red color. Matures during end of Red Delicious harvest. Should be grown in moderate vigor to prevent winter injury.

Red Rome - Large, round, uniform size, brilliant red commercial culinary apple. Crisp, juicy, aromatic white flesh. Unique tartness. Good baking apple. Superior keeper. Vigorous, thrifty, productive tree bears young. Late blooming. Self-pollinating. Ripens from late September to mid-October depending on location. Hardy in Zones 5 - 8.

Red Spy - Ripens in mid-October Zone 4. Improved coloring strain of Northern Spy. Ideal for direct markets.

Rising Sun™ Fuji - is a beautiful new, early Fuji selection that ripens 5-6 weeks ahead of regular Fuji and colors to a beautiful 70-80% bright pinkish-red blush with a brighter, smoother finish than other early Fuji's. It has a mild, sweet Fuji flavor that consumers love, with creamy white flesh and the great Fuji crunch. It has a typical Fuji tree and growth habit with the same disease resistance as regular Fuji.

Roger's Mac (Buhr Strain) - Our own selection of Roger's Mac with improved red color and firmness. Ripens several days after Marshall® Mac. Excellent for the packing line or roadside marketing.

Rome (Taylor strain) - Ripens Mid- October. Large, high yielding Rome. Color does not bleed. Tree more spur type than regular Rome.

Royal Court™ - Ripens in early October. An improved red strain of Cortland discovered in a Nova Scotia orchard. The performance of this solid blush coloring Cortland has been impressive to date. Royal Court™ is a trademark of and is propagated under license by Adams County Nursery, PA. (USPP# 10049 Hartencourt Cultivar).

Royal Empire® - Ripens early October. Hardy to Zones 4-7 and to -30 degrees F. McIntosh type with better color and flavor, longer shelf life and refrigerated keeping ability. Medium size, round, firmer quality dessert apple; also good for cider. Vigorous, upright, early bearing tree; strong, wide crotch angles. Tendency toward spur-type habit. Sets heavy bloom; produces annually. Needs some thinning. Fruit hangs on tree longer than McIntosh. Requires 800 hours of chilling. Developed at the Geneva Station in 1945. Introduced in 1966. (USPP#7820-Teeple Cultivar)

Ruby Mac™ - McIntosh sport with full red blush and no striping. Colors early but ripens along with other McIntosh varieties. Holds its firmness and hangs on tree longer than other Macs.

Sansa - Ripens late August. Brilliant red-orange over a golden ground color. High quality dessert apple. Resembles Gala in fruit color and firmness; ripens one week sooner. Good keeping quality. Developed in Japan. U.S. Plant Patent No. 6519.

Shizuka - Ripens early October. Apparently resistant to blister spot. It resembles its sister - Crispin. Large to very large fruit. Yellow skin with a red-orange blush. Milder flavor than Mutsu with similar tree vigorTriploid; requires pollination. Reported to be blister spot resistant. Developed in Japan. Slightly sweeter flavor. Harvests a few days ahead of Crispin.

Snowsweet®- Sharon x Connell Red cross (formerly known as MN1797). Green-yellow fruit blushed with bronze-red. Sweet-tart flavor with rich overtones, crisp, white flesh does not turn brown after cutting. Ripens mid-September. Keeps up to two months in common storage. Cold hardy variety that does best in northern areas. Zones 4-8.

Spartan -McIntosh type; beautiful, medium size, dark red, almost mahogany, dessert quality apple. Pure white flesh; firmer than McIntosh. Highly aromatic,fine flavor. Superb for eating fresh. Better keeper and shipper than McIntosh. Keeps through January. Annually productive; precocious and consistently heavy bearer. Blooms mid-late. Susceptible to premature drop. Self- pollinating but yields increase if near Lodi. Excellent pollinator for Jonagold. Resistant to scab, mildew and fire blight. Ripens mid-October. Hardy to -45 degrees F. Excellent for the Midwest. Developed at the British Columbia Station. Introduced in 1936.

Spigold-Northern Spy x Golden Delicious.Ripens during October. Hardy to Zone 3 Large, golden yellow fruit 75% covered with bright red stripes. Tender skin. Fine grained, firm, crisp, yellow flesh. Dual flavor that resembles sprightly juiciness of Northern Spy,sweetness of Golden Delicious, then an indefinable blend, superior to either parent. Exceptionally high quality. Stores well. Most useful as high quality apple for roadside and local sale. Growth habit is strong, upright; requires early training. Blooms late; biennial bearer. Triploid; has sterile pollen. Requires 600 hours of chilling. Developed at the Geneva Station in New York. Introduced in 1962.

Spur Red Delicious(Campbell) Ripens early October. Hardy in Zones 4-8. Discovered as a limb mutation of Oregon spur. Introduced in the mid-1980"s as an early, full coloring striped Red Delicious. Vigorous tree with Good precocity.

Summer Mac (Arends Strain) - Ripens late August. McIntosh-type apple. Best known apple in the northeast. Solid red skin over creamy white flesh. Holds well in short term storage. Maintains quality up to two weeks in the market.

Sun Fuji- - will ripen in western NY at end of October. Hardy in Zones 5-8. Shows excellent color in western N.Y. with a subtle strip of orange - pink overlaying the golden background. Crisp, juicy winter apple.

Twenty Ounce -Ripens unevenly during September or October depending on location. Hearty to Zone 5 As its name implies, this apple can reach enormous proportions. Attractive fruit with broad, red stripes over greenish background. Skin has the peculiar peened surface found on granny smith. Semi-firm white flesh. High quality. Premier cooking apple for more than 100 years. Excellent for dessert. Medium size, vigorous tree often droops; bears young. Originated in Upstate New York. Often mistakenly called Smokehouse. Introduced in 1840

Zestar– Ripens late August. Zone 3. Quality apple with nice acid/sugar ratio. Flavorful, good sized fruit red striped over a cream background. Stores up to 7 weeks in regular storage. Cold hardy Good resistance to Fire Blight. . (USPP#11367- University of Minn).